Abstract – Persian Recto



The Disappearing Female in Kuse-Gardi and Bacchus Festivals

Arash Zarnikhi

This article is an innovative comparative study of Kuse-gardi, an old secular communal carnival enacted in parts of Iran, where a wife disappears temporarily, only to reappear, often in the company of another man, and greeted with applause from the spectators. The study traces the ritual back to ancient fertility rites emphasizing similarities between the temporary disappearance of the female in Kuse-gardi and the festivals of ancient Greece and the Roman Empire.

Folklore: Artistic/Literary or Anthropological Phenomenon?

Ehsan Estiri

This essay traces the influence of performance theory and ethnic genres on the conceptualization of folklore as an anthropological rather than literary phenomenon. Even oral/verbal folklore genres, such as legends and folktales, are no longer considered to be merely art forms, but behaviors or performances that are interrelated with their social contexts. Furthermore, the generic characteristics of folkloric acts are determined by individuals and communities who practice them, not by artists, art historians, or literary critics.

Archeological Sites in Bowa-ye Sofla

Parvin-Dokht Jahankohan and Omid Akhavi

This article on Bowa-ye Sofla, a village in the province of Kohgiluyeh, documents the destruction of the region’s archeological heritage by various agents including governmental neglect, bureaucratic inefficiency, and illegal excavations by looters in search of artifacts to be sold on the black market.

Tati Words in the Poetry of Baba Taher

Hossein Ja’fari-e Chehreqani

A rewarding example of local linguistic studies, the article traces instances of Tati words, in the poetry of Baba Taher, an eleventh century Iranian Sufi poet. Challenging previously held etymologies that considered them as loanwords from either Laki or Lori dialects, the author demonstrates their roots in the Vafsi dialect of Tati, an umbrella term for a number of Iranian dialects prevalent in the area that extends from Hamadan, to Isfahan, Yazd and Tehran.

Archaeology of War: The Case of Sarpol-e Zahab

Amir Amirinejad and Salah al-Din Ma’roufi

This article begins with a history of the subfield of war archeology, a recent addition to the discipline of archaeology that remains relatively unknown among Iranian archaeologists. The focus is on Sarpol-e Zahab, an ancient city in Kermanshah,much of which was damaged during the Iran-Iraq War (1980-88). The article examines twenty-two archeological sites in Sarpol-e Zahab, emphasizing patterns of battle- related artifacts that shed light on the broader history of the ancient settlements. The data demonstrates that portions of these sites remain within the boundaries of minefields.

The Lamentations of Pejman-Bakhtiari

Soheila Saremi

Hosayn Pejman-Bakhtiari, poet, lyricist, writer and translator, was the only child born to Jaleh, a prominent poet, feminist, and advocate of women rights, and ʿAli-Morad Khan Mirpanj-e Bakhtiari a noted constitutionalist and leader of the Bakhtiari tribe. Pejman-Bakhtiari